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What is MongoDB and MySQL?

  • MongoDB stores data in BSON format [Binary JSON] as it is a non-relational database.
  • For modern application development and for the cloud-based, MongoDB is a general-purpose document database is designed.
  • In MongoDB we don’t need to worry about data structure as records can be stored as user required. It was developed by MongoDB Inc on 11 February 2011.
  • MySql is a Relational database management system [RDMS] that is an open source.
  • SQL – Structured Query Language.
  • MySql works in client/server or embedded systems.
  • It was developed by Oracle on 23 May 1995.

Why we should use MongoDB or MySQL?

  • MongoDB is like documents with a dynamic schema that stores data in JSON format.
  • MongoDB is High availability through built-in replication and is easy to use. It is a distributed database and it provides End-to-end security.
  • MySql is a low-cost and free database management system.
  • It is very simple and less complex to set up.
  • MySQL server connects so many clients at the same time so it is multi-thread.

Who is using MongoDB and MySQL?

The following companies are using mongodb :-

  • ebay
  • MetLife
  • MTV
  • Github
  • Bitly
  • McAfee
  • SAP
  • Apollo Group

The following companies are using mysql:-

  • YouTube
  • Facebook
  • Yahoo
  • Twitter
  • Pinterest
  • Wikipedia
  • BigFish Game
  • CitySearch
  • Adobe

Content Management System using MySql:-
WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, Magento, etc.

Which programming languages does mongodb support and mysql support?

The following is supported by MongoDB :-

  • C, C++, C#
  • Go
  • Java
  • Node.js
  • PHP
  • Python
  • Ruby
  • Rust
  • Scala
  • Swift

The following is supported by MySQL :-

  • C, C++, C#
  • Go
  • Java
  • Node.js
  • PHP
  • Python
  • Ruby

Performance and Speed of MongoDB

  • MongoDB allows users to write queries in various manners and can handle large amounts of data.
  • It also handles large unstructured data and offers faster query processing.
  • MongoDB is a NoSQL database.
  • MySql is considered slow when it comes to handling a large amount of data in comparison to MongoDB.
  • Which database we should use? Well, it’s totally on our needs, as data and information can be measured on what is your need to select the best database.
MongoDB stores data in a JSON document.Mysql stores data in table and row.
It is schema-less which means you can define your own class or structure to interact with MongoDB.If you use MySQL database as we know it uses Structured Query Language so you can’t change the schema.
Languages are supported by MongoDB C++, C.Languages are supported by MySql C++, C, Javascript.
The license available for MongoDB is GPL V2/Commercial.The license available for MySql is AGPL V3/Commercial.
The Application or Service is cloud-based then mongoDB is the better option for you to develop it.Security and well structure collection is your high priority then you should go with the Mysql database.
Join Operation is not supported.Join Operation is supported.
Risk is low compared to Mysql due to design.There can be a risk of SQL injection attacks in MySQL.
If you have Real-time analytics, content management, the internet of things, mobile apps you can go for MongoDB.If you have structured data with a clear schema you can go for MySql.


Now you have an overview of MongoDB and MySql.Hope this blog will be helpful for a basic idea about MongoDB and MySql.Thank You

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